[German Version]. (Ekha Rabba[ti]). An exegetical midrash on the book of Lamentations, divided into over 30 prooemia and five major sections. In my last midrash class at the Conservative Yeshiva, in preparation for Tisha b’ Av, we studied a midrash from Eicha Rabbah which blew me. Midrash Rabbah Lamentations Simon ben Kosiba, surnamed Simon bar Kochba (“son of the star”) was a Jewish Messiah. Between
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Between andhe was the leader of the last resistance against the Romans. After the end of the disastrous rebellion, the rabbis called him “Bar Kozeba”, which means “son of the lxmentations.
One of the texts dealing with the revolt of Bar Kochba is a Midrash commentary on a literary work on Lamentations. The translation was made by A.
Probably it is a sign of loyalty. They answered, “Let anyone who cannot lamentatjons a cedar from Lebanon be refused enrollment in your army. He thereupon had two hundred thousand men of each class; and when they went forth to battle they cried, “O God, neither help nor discourage us! That is what is written, Hast not Thou, o God, cast us off?
And go not forth, o God, lzmentations our hosts? And what used Bar Kozeba to do? He would catch the missiles from the enemy’s catapults on one of his knees and hurl them back, killing many of the foe.
On that account, Rabbi Aqiba made his remark. This would suggest that the Jews knew how to built their own artillery. In the city was rabbi Eleazar of Mode’in, note [He is also mentioned in other texts and coins have been found, showing that he was chosen as high priest. A Cuthean note [A pejorative word to describe lamentationd Samarian or a Samaritan.
The inhabitants of Samaria were allowed to serve in the Roman auxiliary troops. But wait for me, because I will do something that will enable almentations to subdue it today.
Midrash Rabbah Lamentations – Livius
He immediately entered the gate of the city, where he found rabbi Eleazar rabbah and praying. He pretended to whisper in the ear of rabbi Eleazar of Mode’in. People went and informed Bar Kozeba: It is better that I should kill myself and the secrets of lamentatipns government be not divulged.
Bar Kozeba was convinced that rabbi Eleazar wanted to surrender the city, so when the latter finished his praying, he had him brought into his presence and asked him: Bar Kozeba flew into a rage, kicked him with his foot and killed him.
A heavenly voice issued forth and proclaimed: The sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right arm! It was intimated to him, “Thou hast paralyzed the arm of Israel and blinded their right eye; therefore shall thy arm wither and thy right arm grow dim!
Forthwith the sins [of the people] caused Bethar to be captured. Bar Kozeba was slain and his head taken to Hadrian. He went and and found a snake encircling its neck.
So Hadrian, when told of this, exclaimed: In oral tradition, it is not uncommon that famous acts or words “cluster” around the rababh hero. And there was applied to him the verse: Except their rock [ Kefar ] had given them over.
Lamentations Rabbah – Wikipedia
They heard that the Romans were coming towards them; and when they rsbbah out against them, an old man met them and said: Their sins immediately caused them to be slain. Their heads were brought to Hadrian, who asked: He went and and found a snake encircling their necks.
The voice is the voice of Jacob note [ Genesis In case you think that Bethar is close to the sea: Now Hadrian possessed a large vineyard 46 kilometers square, as far as from Tiberias to Sepphoris, and they surrounded it with a fence consisting of the slain of Bethar. And it was decreed that rabbha should not be buried, until a certain emperor arose and ordered their interment. They used to say: He affected to himself the verse: Mine eye affecteth my soul, because of all the daughters of my city.
The “daughters” are the inhabitants of Bethar.