– Free download as PDF File .pdf) or view presentation slides online. Hakim, Rustam dan Hardi Utomo. (). Komponen Perancangan Arsitektur Lansekap (Prinsip-Unsur dan Aplikasi Desain). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara Publisher. Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Vol. 3 No. 1, 38–47, Hakim, R., & Utomo, H. Komponen Perancangan Arsitektur Lansekap: Prinsip-Unsur dan Aplikasi.
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Moch Sarofil Abu Bakar. Associate Professor, Department of Landscape Architecture.
[PDF] Komponen Perancangan Arsitektur Lansekap – Edisi Pertama – Free Download PDF
At the present time, the application of policy manageent of urban green open space of Jakarta have many weakness that caused by overlapping management. The management consist of several basic activities, including planning and controlling, organizing, human resources, coordination and financing. The prominent indicator associated with the managing urban green open space that related to the aspect of good governance ResponsifParticipatoryTransparantAccountableConsensus OrientedEffective dan Efficient.
The main problems is the lack of managements of urban green open space of DKI Jakarta. This was indicated by variety of critics coming from the members of society in DKI Jakarta about the function of it, where it will result the impact of environment. In the relation to that problem, there are two questions was raised: What kind of factors that hampered the management of the urban green open space? What caused the management of the urban green open space in DKI Jakarta unsuccessful?
As the follow up of the questions above is giving the alternatives to solve that hampred, then, the question is, how is the alternative to management solve the lack of management of the urban green open space in DKI Jakarta. The objective ofstudy is getting the policy to manage the urban green open space in DKI Jakarta. The reflecting of the objective above was explained in the set of policy such as in the regulation and the institutional. Regional province administration of DKI Jakarta is divided into 5 municipalities, they are the following: Physical development pushes forward toward maximum physical structure phenomena; meanwhile green openspace towards the minimum; with a tendency to change the face of nature.
Green openspace in Jakarta can be categorized into 3 parts: Green openspace has a very important role in protecting and enhancing the natural environment, also long term advantages Scottish Executive Publications, The advantages of Green openspace in cities according to Roseland,in view of economy aspects significantly decreases cost related to use of energy and water.
Vegetation can control lamination, shade, wind and glare. From an ecological aspect, g reen openspace provides a natural habitat for animals such as birds, fish, insects, and many more. According to Dorwardg reen openspace also functions as a green belts jalur hijau and as corridors linking the habitats stated above. Prevents soil erosion CMHC,absorbs rain water, which in turn increase drainage system Roseland, Trees are able to collect pollution particle; Miller discussed research result that shows that 20 small trees can reduce pollution produced by a train going at a speed of 60 mile per day.
Urban heat island often occurs in the city area, where buildings, aspalt, and hardening absorbs sun radiation and reflects it back to outerspace which in turn causes the temperature to rise Miller, Plants can reduce this effect, through the plant itself directly and indirectly through the process of evapotranspirational Roseland, Green openspace also reduces noise pollution by a using a combination of trees, shrubs and bushes and partially cleanse afoliatdust particle Miller, In this respect, its value is significant in our continuous efforts to protect the environment.
In respects to its social benefits, the most obvious is its use as recreational area, to play, to meditate, and to gather together or as a rest area Roseland, In a discussion on psychological effects of green openspace, Miller discovered advantages related to activities carried out in these areas.
For example its use as a place to socialize, enhance the feeling of compassion towards each other and nurture family ties, a place to understand each other, to learn about ourselves, offers the opportunity to express ones value and social values as well, promote spiritual development and freedom.
Good governance principles that must be developed in policy implementation in general are: Considering the fact that the recent condition of green openspace management is not so successful, this research is an effort to contribute ideas for better green openspace management in the future to come. Green Openspace from Green Openspace from — Its management is still done partially or in sectors making it inefficient and ineffective in obtaining the targeted quality and quantity of green openspace, also the lack of participation of all stakeholders including intelectuals.
Facts proved that there have been green pperancangan function shifts, and so used for something else Ditjen Bangda Depdagri From the institutional point of view, the many various function and description of green openspace makes it difficult to uphold proper management scheme komponenn institution such as the Parks Service, Agricultural Service, and Forestry Service.
Last but not least, let us not forget the problem concerning the limited land availability in cities for green area, also concerning the funds needed to develop green openspace.
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From the description above there is an indication that the cause of unsuccessful green openspace management is due to implementation of Good Governance Concept. To analyze the factors causing the kompknen. The purpose of this research are: Scope of This Research.
Jakbar, Jaktim, Jaksel, dan Jakpus, also show in Fig 1. The reason behind choosing Jakarta as the object of research are: Jakarta has already had a green open space management system since the Dutch occupation era Batavia is establish in by Jan Peter Zoon Coen. Becomes the barometer to other cities in the Republic of Indonesia. The community has various type of daily activities. According to its location green open space can be coastal open space, river hood plain, greenways and open area at the end of airplane runways in airports.
Compared to the two cities Bandung citizens have a higher value.
Untitle yearevery citizens still enjoy over 1,61m 2 green open space. City development with orientation to the environment awareness in develoed countries has been going on for countries. Now Jakarta has a high population density with 9 million soul living there. So this research can be used as a comparison in setting green open space area for highly populated area. Population in millions soul. Basically green open space is an integrated init and can be while as an orientation system.
Green open Space Management Sytem. Parties involved in green open space management are: Theoritical background in policy analysis comes from David and L. Weimer, that states the factors causing government failures to be the following: Participation can persuade the community to accept social decisions that a certain individual did not choose.
Other problems found were collusion, corruption, mark up, and collecting illegal retribution that creates high economy cost. Decentralization failure, Decentralization problem is related to the aspect of implementation that depreciation caused by many retribution collecting and monitoring also regional personnel incapability. The Principle of Good Governance. In the process of implementing good governance there are the following 4 concepts to be considered: To understand the term governance, we have to differentiate it from the term Government.
It comprises the mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences. Two aspects of this definition, first, governance is not government only. Governance as a concept recognizes that power exists inside and outside the formal authority and institutions of government. In many formulations, governance includes government, the private sector and civil society.
Good governance is often defined as the realization indicator of reinventing the government by fulfillment of the following principles: There is many more definition to Good Governance given by other parties.
For example World Bankdefines Good Governance as solid and responsible arsitektyr management implementation that is in accordance with democracy and perancangaan efficient market, avoid investment fund misallocation and prevent corruption both political and administrative, run a hight budget, also create legal arsitketur political framework for business activities growth Cecilia Kinuthia-Njenga, Good meaning in accordance to the basic principle of Good Governance.
At present Good Governance emphasized on bureaucracy or executive circle, while fact Good Governance has 3 domain: Private sector takes a more active role and arrsitektur the activator in field of economy. Meanwhile the society becomes the object and also as konponen subject of private and government sector. Push and shove among the government sector, private sector and society can cause tension and conflict if not managed wisely.
In turn it will affect GG performance Herwin Nur, Social participation is a form of social interaction in an activity. According to Saleh Azizparticipation is different from mobilization.
Participation is ones behavior in an interaction system that promotes democracy since it is also related to feeling ownership and responsibility, while mobilization has implication of an activity done due to an order and not of ones own choice.
The society should be involved from the very beginning of the process; formulating the target and purpose pf development planning until the monitoring stage, so that the result will be a compiled development framework from the monitoring process, surveys, communication and consultation with the society involve also parties that manage development.
Hollsteinerstates society participation is not just a democracy act but also society involvement in the process of decision making on oansekap that concerns the need and interest of the society. W, describes that society participation is needed because: All parties concern should be involved in the process of planning and implementation to guarantee komponrn successful program.
Komponen Perancangan Arsitektur Lansekap – Edisi Pertama
Society participation can reeducate the project managers and planners, cause through their participation the process will lanzekap horizons and new experiences so that it could minimize fault in planning. Society participation can be differented into active participation and passive participation. Arsitetkur participation is the ability araitektur take part as a subject while passive participation takes part as an object.
So society participation must start from a unit at a lower level. Collaborate with private sector, use in dept business means, privatization establish companies to gain profit, market oriented, focus on performance and giving rewards for services. Four 4 of the ten 10 basic principles in reinventing government discussed in this paper are: Research location covers all the regional administration area of Jakarta; they are: Jakbar, Jaktim, Jakut, Jaksel, and Jakpus. Beside the fact hat Jakarta is the indicator barometer of development to other regions psrancangan Indonesia.
The research was done in a time interval 3 of 18 months December — august shown in scehdule 3. Data used to clearly analysis the situation can be calssified into primary data and secondary data.
This is a qualitative research, observing good governance concepts, stakeholders perception on recent issues and phenomena, that according to Oanim policy research. Secondary datacovers studies on recent research result, collecting regulation related to management, existing policy, documents. Policy formulator and implementors consisting: