The year saw the most severe influenza season since national reporting of influenza began in Early in the season the National Incident Room was. northern hemisphere (November to April ). Between October and January , influenza was reported in Africa, the. This report summarises information on seasonal influenza rates in the EU/EEA for eight influenza seasons (– to –).

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Prevention of antigenically drifted influenza by inactivated and live attenuated vaccines. Top of Page What did we see during the season in terms of antiviral resistance monitoring or surveillance in the United States?

Jfluenza2007 systematic review of the evidence and an economic evaluation. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic.

2007-2008 Influenza (Flu) Season

The most advanced investigational therapeutics include the parenterally administered neuraminidase inhibitor peramivir [ 23 ], the RNA polymerase inhibitor T [ 24 ], and a sialidase fusion construct, DAS [ 25 ].

CDC continues to recommend the use of oseltamivir and zanamivir for the treatment and prevention of influenza based on the level of oseltamivir resistance observed only in one influenza subtype, influenza A H1N1persisting high levels of resistance to adamantanes in influenza A H3N2 viruses, and the predominance of influenza A H3N2 viruses circulating in the United States during the season with co-circulation of influenza B viruses.

Sialidase fusion protein as a novel broad-spectrum inhibitor of influenza virus infection. Based on available iflueenza2007 from U. How severe was the flu season? Overall, for the U.

CDC continued to monitor this situation closely and frequently updated information on circulating strains and public health and public education guidance based on this information throughout the season. For children aged years and years, the rate was 4.

Another noticeable trend is the lowering of the recommended age for the influenza vaccine in older populations; there were no major changes rsport recommendations for children. Several issues warrant note.


Annual report of the National Influenza Surveillance Scheme,

Current US health care facilities might be capable of managing a pandemic with the transmissibility, virulence, and mortality of the pandemics of and ; however, if a pandemic similar to that in occurred, the current system would most likely fail table 2 [ 32 ]. News Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardise capacity to protect people in next pandemic press release – 7 Feb When compared with the previous three seasons, the season was similar in severity to the flu season in terms of the percentage of deaths due to pneumonia and flu, pediatric hospitalization rates, and the percentage of visits to outpatient clinics for flu-like illness.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Whitley; Seasonal and Pandemic Influenza: Regional flu activity is defined as increased flu-like activity or flu outbreaks in at least two — but fewer than half — of the regions in a state with recent laboratory evidence of flu in those regions. All 50 states reported widespread influenza activity for at least two weeks during the season.

The group and many others have examined data from past pandemics in, and to estimate the projected mortality of a modern epidemic. Impact of a Low-cost Infection Control Bundle. This plan contemplates mass distribution of face masks and taking other measures to preserve critical economic activities; it is constantly being refined via simulation exercises [ 27 ].

The greatest number of human deaths due to H5N1 influenza virus infection has been reported from Indonesia, but the region of highest incidence has been continually evolving. Le site interministeriel de preparation a un risque de pandemie grippale.

To address this need, the CDC recently developed an interim prepandemic planning guide to define mitigation strategies in the community, based on pandemic severity category [ 34 ].


Sincethere has only been one season when there was very low cross-reaction between the viruses in the vaccine and relort predominate circulating virus and three seasons, and when there was low cross-reaction. Seasonal and influenza preparedness: No, CDC did not recommending any changes to the guidance on the use of influenza antivirals. What determines the severity of a flu season?

In the United States, two classes of antiviral drugs are approved by ifluenz2007 Food and Drug Administration for use in treating or preventing influenza virus infections: The counts above are of flu-associated deaths among children according to the flu season the deaths occur, not when they are reported to CDC. Among specimens collected since October 1, Most importantly, international cooperation for pandemic preparedness has resulted in strategic surveillance and planning activities around the world.

Modeling community containment for pandemic influenza. Is school-based immunization feasible in the US?. Little spontaneous resistance to neuraminidase inhibitors has been documented to date, and no spontaneously resistant influenza viruses were identified prior to the introduction of the drugs [ 919 ]. Sporadic outbreaks of avian influenza A H5N1 virus infection and the high mortality associated with this infection in humans are a grim reminder of what could occur.

Health care delivery systems and managed-care organizations have done little planning and are essentially unprepared to face the expected shortage of key health care workers. In 16 of the past 26 years, the U. Please check for further notifications by email. Vaccination Summary For Clinicians: Flu activity for the U. Outpatient clinic visits for ARI peaked twice, iflenza2007 at 3.

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