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George Bryan ” Beau ” Brummell 7 July — 30 March was an iconic figure in Regency England and for many years the arbiter of men’s fashion. At one time he was a close friend of the Prince Regent, the future King George IVbut after the two quarrelled, and Brummell got into debt, he had to take refuge in France.
Eventually he died shabby and insane in Caen. Brummell was remembered afterwards as the preeminent example of the brummll and a whole literature was founded upon his manner and witty sayings which has persisted to this day.
His name is yeorge associated with gekrge and good looks, and it has been given to a variety of modern products to suggest their high quality. The family was middle class, but the elder Brummell was ambitious for his son to become a gentleman, and young George was raised with that understanding. Brummell was educated at Eton and made his precocious mark on fashion when he not only modernised the white stock, or cravat, that was the mark of the Eton boy, but added a gold buckle to it.
He progressed to Oxford University, where, by his own example, he made cotton stockings and dingy cravats a thing of the past. While an undergraduate at Oriel College inhe competed for the Chancellor’s Prize for Latin Verse, coming second to Edward Coplestonwho was later dandtsme become provost of his college.
In June Brummell joined the Tenth Royal Hussars as a cornetthe lowest rank of commissioned officer and soon after had his nose broken by a kick from a horse. Ordinarily a considerable sum, it was inadequate for the expenses of an aspiring officer in the personal regiment of the Prince of Wales. The officers, many of whom were heirs to noble titles and lands, “wore their estates upon their hrummell — some of them before they had inherited the paternal acres.
For such a junior officer, Brummell took the regiment by storm, fascinating the prince. He was allowed to miss parade, shirk his duties and, in essence, do just as he pleased.
When his regiment was sent from London to Manchesterhe immediately resigned his commission, citing the city’s poor reputation, undistinguished ambience and want of culture and civility. Although he was now a civilian, Brummell’s friendship with, and influence over, the Prince continued. It was now he who became the arbiter of fashion and established the mode of dress for men who rejected overly ornate fashions for one of understated but perfectly fitted and tailored bespoke garments.
This look was based on dark coats, full-length trousers rather than knee breeches and stockings, and above all, immaculate shirt linen and an elaborately knotted cravat.
Brummell took a house on Chesterfield Street in Mayfair  rt for a time managed to avoid the nightly gaming and other extravagances fashionable in such elevated circles. Where he refused to economise was on his dress: He also claimed that he took five hours a day to dress and recommended that boots be polished with champagne.
Beau Brummell – Wikipedia
Brummell put into practice brumnell principles of harmony of shape and contrast of colours with such a pleasing result that men di superior rank sought his opinion on their own dress. The Duke of Bedford once did this touching a coat. His personal habits, such as a fastidious attention to cleaning his teeth, shaving, and daily bathing exerted an influence on the ton – the upper echelons of polite society – who began to do likewise.
Enthralled, the Prince would spend hours in Brummell’s dressing room, witnessing the progress of his friend’s lengthy morning toilette. While at Eton Brummell played for the school’s first eleven although he is said to have once terrified a master there by asserting that he thought cricket “foolish”.
Brummell made scores of 23 and veorge on that occasion, leaving him with a career batting average of Unfortunately, Brummell’s wealthy friends had a less than satisfactory influence on him; he began spending and gambling as though his fortune were as ample as theirs.
Du Dandysme et de George Brummell
Such liberal outlay began to deplete his capital rapidly, ud he found it increasingly difficult to maintain his lifestyle, although his prominent position in society still allowed him to float a line of credit. The four were considered the prime movers of Watier’s, dubbed “the Dandy Club” by Byron. The Prince Regent greeted Alvanley and Pierrepoint at the event, and then ” cut ” Brummell and Mildmay by staring at their faces without speaking.
The incident marked the final breach in a rift between Brummell and the Regent that had opened inwhen the Prince became Regent and began abandoning all his old Whig friends. He became the anomaly of a favourite flourishing without a patron, still influencing fashion and courted by a large segment of society.
In Brummell, owing thousands of pounds, fled to France to escape st prison. Usually Brummell’s gambling obligations, as “debts of honour”, were always paid immediately. The one exception to this was the final wager, dated March in White’s betting book, which was marked “not paid, 20th January, “. He lived the remainder of his life in French exile, spending ten years in Calais without an official passport before acquiring an appointment to the consulate at Caen through brummelll influence of Lord Alvanley and the Marquess of Worcester.
This provided him with a small annuity but lasted only two years, when the Foreign Dandyzme took Brummell’s recommendation to abolish the consulate. He had made it in the hope of being appointed to a more remunerative position elsewhere, but no new position was forthcoming. Rapidly running out of money and grown increasingly slovenly in his dress, he was forced into debtors’ prison by his long-unpaid Calais creditors; only through the charitable intervention of his friends in England was he able to secure release.
In Brummell died penniless and insane from syphilis at Le Bon Sauveur Asylum on the outskirts of Caen ; he was A very early portrait of Brummell, along with his elder brother William, occurs in the Joshua Reynolds painting of the curly-headed Brummell children, dating from and now in the Kenwood House collection.
In literature, Brummell has been more extensively portrayed.
On Dandyism and George Brummell – Wikipedia
William Hazlitt borrowed the same title, “Brummelliana”, for an unsympathetic essay published inreferring to some of these stories and repeating dandymse uncollected there. These sayings were supposed to have arisen during an interview with Brummell in Bologna, rather than Calais, and epitomise his view of “the elegant life”. In the following decade two more books were dedicated to confirming Brummell as a cult figure. The latter is modeled on Brummell and to him are veorge such stories from the Brummell apocrypha as his once er three tailors to contribute to the making of his gloves and the sartorial insult “Do you call this a coat?
Brummell appeared under his own name as a character in Arthur Conan Doyle ‘s historical novel Rodney Stone.
In this, the title character’s uncle, Charles Tregellis, brummel the center of the London fashion world, until Brummell ultimately supplants him. Tregellis’s subsequent death from mortification serves as a deus dh machina in that it resolves Rodney Stone’s family poverty. Georgette Heyerdi of a number of Regency romance novels, included Brummell as a character in her novel Regency Buck. He is also referred to, or figures as a minor character, in the work of later writers of this genre.
More recently, Brummell was made the detective-hero of a series of period mysteries by Californian novelist Rosemary Stevens, starting with Death on a Silver Tray in Yet another American reinterpretation of his character appears in Cecilia Ryan’s homoerotic novella The Sartorialist When it was staged at the Theatre Royal, Birmingham in NovemberElgar himself conducted the orchestra on its first night.
Earlier movies included a minute film by the Vitagraph Company of Americabased on a Booth Tarkington story, and the Beau Brummell and his Bridea short comedy made by the Edison Company. There were also two television dramas: This Charming Man georte This featured Brummell as the main character in a fabricated story of a rural courtship which saw occasional performance in later years.
Brummell’s name became associated with style and good looks and ru therefore borrowed for a variety of products or alluded to in songs and poetry. One example was the paint colour Beau Brummel Brown, used exclusively on the Eg. Eliot ‘s poem about “Bustopher Jones: In addition, Brummells’ name was adopted by rock bands in the s: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Beau Brummell disambiguation. LondonGreat Britain.
Saunders and Otley, p. Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 5 December Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.