Dracaena draco, the Canary Islands dragon tree or drago, is a subtropical tree- like plant in the The form found on Gran Canaria is now treated as a separate species, Dracaena tamaranae, based on differences in flower structure. The form . A new species of dragon tree, Dracaena tamaranae A. Marrero, R.S. Almeida & M. Gonzalez-Martin, is described from Gran. Canaria, Canary Islands. This new. Dracaena tamaranae young 3, × 2,; MB. 0 references . taxon name. Dracaena tamaranae. taxon author · Águedo Marrero Rodriguez.

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Dracaena dracothe Canary Islands dragon tree or drago[3] is a subtropical tree-like plant in the genus Dracaena tamaarnae, native to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira, and locally in western Morocco, and introduced to the Azores.

It is the natural symbol of the island of Tenerifetogether with the blue chaffinch. Dracaena draco is a monocot with a tree-like growth habit currently placed in the asparagus family Asparagaceaesubfamily Nolinoidae. At about 10—15 years of age the stem stops growing and produces a first dracqena spike with white, lily-like perfumed flowers, followed by coral berries.

File:Dracaena tamaranae – Wikimedia Commons

eracaena Soon a crown of terminal buds appears and the plant starts branching. Each branch grows for about 10—15 years and re-branches, so a mature plant has an umbrella-like habit. It drracaena slowly, requiring about ten years to reach 1. Being a monocotyledon, it does not display any annual or growth rings so the age of the tree can only be estimated by the number of branching points before reaching the canopy.


The specimen called ” El Drago Milenario ” the thousand-year-old dragon growing at Icod de los Vinos in northwest Tenerife is the oldest living plant of this species. Its age was estimated in to be around years, with a maximum of years, not several thousand as had previously been claimed.

Its massive trunk comes from the contribution of clusters of aerial roots that emerge from the bases of lowest branches and grow down to the soil. Descending along the trunk, they cling tightly to the trunk, integrate with it and contribute to its radial growth.

The form found on Gran Canaria is now treated as a separate species, Dracaena tamaranaebased on differences in flower structure.

Dracaena tamaranae – Wikipedia

The form endemic to La Palma initially branches very low with numerous, nearly vertical branches arranged fastigately. When the bark or leaves are cut they secrete a reddish resinone of several sources of substances known as dragon’s blood.

Red resins from this tree contain many mono- and dimeric flavans that contribute to the red color of the resins. These tissues include ground parenchyma cells and cortex cells. The Guanches worshiped a specimen in Tenerife, and hollowed its trunk into a dracsena sanctuary. Humboldt saw it at the time of his visit.


It was destroyed by a storm in Dracaena draco is cultivated and widely available as an ornamental tree for drqcaena, gardens, and drought tolerant water conserving sustainable landscape projects.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

File:Dracaena tamaranae kz1.JPG

Not to be confused with Dracaena cinnabari. Retrieved 9 January Viernes 10 de Mayo de – “. Trees Structure and function. Botany, chemistry and therapeutic uses” PDF.

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. New International Encyclopedia 1st ed. Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 6 February Retrieved from ” https: Wikipedia articles incorporating tamaramae citation from the New International Encyclopedia Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon IDs Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. This page was last edited on 22 Octoberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The ancient specimen at Icod de los VinosTenerife.