Doumbek Rhythm Cheat Sheet. Uploaded by Carmine T. Guida. This is a rhythm sheet I used to give out in classes. Please feel free to share this as much as you. Dumbek rhythms are a collection of rhythms that are usually played with hand drums such as the dumbek. These rhythms are various combinations of these. Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Music Rhythms: Diagrams and Performance Aids .. and rolls. Darbuka Belly doumbek solo with a frame drum back up.

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Complexity will depend on the musician’s skill. These rhythms are so called because they have a single accent DUM at the beginning.

Playing the doumbek in this position allows for a different sound quality to be produced. The “interesting” and unique aspects of each performance come from the “ornamentation” of the tune by each instrument rather than from the “merging” of various tones and times that is formed by harmony and polyrhythm.


Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Music Rhythms: Diagrams and Performance Aids

In many cases the names that are used in practice are inconsistent. Theoretically, you should strike the ‘K’ the same way as you strike the ‘T’. This may be the effect of a “modernization” of Andalusian music. He is apparently the first to use the term “dawr” to refer to the rhythmic cycle and the first to discuss it in any depth. The flamenco rhythm tradition partially grew upon roots of Arabic tradition and the nuba is still considered primarily “Andalusian” although it is also a part of the traditional classical music of most of north Africa.


The “Risaala” also mentions seven of the same rhythms and adds another.

It was a way for people to express their pain – the songs then were all about hardship, poverty, loss, etc. One way the strike has been described by several of my past instructors is to imagine striking the bottom of a very hot iron. For the very filled-in example, he recommends alternating hands. Why is that you may ask? The Arabian peninsula, or as we know it now, the Persian Gulf. I hope this guide helps in your efforts to learn and your overall enjoyment of, the art of playing the doumbek.

Doumbek Rhythm Cheat Sheet

The Egyptian dance piece known as Enta Omry is actually the first bits of a famous Oum Kalthoum song that sometimes went on for an hour. To Top of Page. The dancers will let you know when they want to speed up or slow down, when they want to change rhythms, and when they need a break. Polyrhythm and harmony are almost non-existent in Middle Eastern music.

It is usually filled as an 8-beat rhythm and has a much different feel. As in the ‘T’, you should aim for the edge of the rim where the head and the rim meet. The gradations of sound doujbek tone come with practice and interest.

It makes for a really nice accent doumbrk the basic Chiftatelli. The Scabland Band plays Karsilama rhythm. Here’s a recording where an over-enthusiastic audience makes it necessary for the performance to restart. May be thought of having an oom-pah rhythm, but if you POP the second beat that does not work well. Please note that the open rhythm is the simplest version that I play and may not be the simplest root for rhytms individual rhythm.

Dumbek rhythms – Wikipedia

This guide started out as a rather simple cheat sheet I pulled together to use as a handout for an ‘Intro to Doumbek’ class which I taught at a local Trimarian event. The rhythmic pattern we call baladi is a form of maqsum.


Note that in Egypt it is pronounced gurgina.

The dance is traditionally done solo, usually with a hunched stance and often with a smoke in one hand and a drink in the other, representing the sorrow they feel and the fact that they’re drowning it in drink. They are distinguished by other pattern elements, as well by emphasis and feel.

Just like in traditional music styles, the notations used for doumbek rhythms utilize the standard musical notations rhythsm the whole, half, quarter, eighth and sixteenth notes, but trying to show these on my rhythm guide presented a problem. Questions and comments may be sent to the address listed at the bottom of this page.

The Rhythm Diagrams and Sound Files: The origin of the dance may be a Turkish warrior’s dance, Zeybek.

It is very confusing because a very similar Arabic word “taq-sim” means “split” or “divided” and can be used to refer generally to “maqsuum”. Kasilama is the name of a Turkish folk dance, which is NOT a solo, but the name of the rhythm of the dance has passed into common usage here in the West.

Posted by Salah Said. Here is a page with notes for a class I taught on documenting rhythmic modes in pre Middle Eastern music.